LUANO DISTRICT PROFILE
Luano District is one of the twelve (12) Districts in Central Province and lies at 29o 21’ E and 14o21’ S. Established in 2013, the district stretches from Lusemfwa River in the west up to Luangwa River sharing the border with Nyimba District of Eastern Province. On the Southern, the District borders with Rufunsa and Chongwe Districts, on the South-West it borders with Chisamba District, on the west it borders with Kapiri Mposhi District, to the North it borders with Mkushi District and to the North-East it borders with Serenje District.
Luano District covers a total surface area of 9, 211 square kilometers of which 34.14square kilometers/ (3,414ha) demarcates in urban planned area and 5078.86 square kilometers remain as the rural traditional land. Suffice to say that the biggest portion of the district is the valley part 2/3 hence the name “Luano District” and 1/3 of the land is the plateau. It is about 266 Kilometers from Lusaka the capital city of Zambia; 127 Kilometers from Kabwe and 106 Kilometers from Mkushi.
Map showing location of Luano
- General Physical Characteristics of Luano District
The biggest portion of Luano district lies in the valley. The District has three distinct seasons namely, the warm rainy season (November to April), the cool dry season (May to August) and the hot dry season (September to October). Most of the area falls within agro-ecological Zone II and receives an average annual rainfall of 950 mm. However, the rain varies from 400 mm in the south and valley areas to 1,400 mm in the north and on the plateau.
The temperatures range from 17 to 32 degrees Celsius in the hot dry season and 15 to 27 degrees Celsius in the warm and cool seasons. The lowest temperatures usually occur in June/July and the highest in September/October.
The soil texture of Luano District can be described in the following categories:
Heavy to Medium Textured Upland Soils mainly on the plateau: The topsoil is sandy clay loam and heavier. These soils are generally associated geologically with the dolomites and limestone of the upper and lower Katanga series. Largely, as a result of the high clay content, the soils are among the most inherently fertile soils in the district.
Alluvial/Valley Soils: The soils of alluvial origin are largely undifferentiated heavy black or dark grey clays, most of which are seasonally flooded. These soils are found along the river valleys. The soils of the Valley are derived from alluvial processes. They form a complex of pale sands, dark grey clays, deep sands and grey brown alluvial soils.
Much of the vegetation with its rich diversity of habitants has, however, been modified by present and past cultivation in the district. The following are the types of vegetation found in the district:
Miombo Woodland: Represented by species of brechy-stegia, julbernarda and isoberlinia. The Forest Reserves and the Protected Forest Areas of the province consists of this woodland.
Chipya Woodland: This is well-grassed woodland, which occurs in most parts of the district.
Savannah Woodland: This woodland is scrubby interspersed with large areas of hyparrhenia grassland.
Mopane Woodland: This type of woodland covers much of the valley area of the Town Council.
The drainage pattern in the district consists of the four main rivers namely, Lusemfwa, Lukusashi, Mkushi, Mulembo and Kampoko River. All these rivers have numerous tributaries flowing into them. Other important water sources are the springs, which emanate from the base of Muchinga Escarpment. Many are small and only flow a short distance across the valley floor. Nevertheless, they constitute an important source of water for indigenous fauna. There are also several thermal springs with considerable tourist potential.
Luano District has six (6) Chiefdoms ruled by the following chiefs: His Royal Highness Senior Chief Mboroma, His Royal Highness Chief Kanyenshya, His Royal Highness Chief Kaundula, His Royal Highness Chief Chembe, His Royal Highness Chief Mboshya and His Royal Highness Chief Chikupili. The ethnic groups in Luano include the Lala and Swaka. A minority of Tonga immigrants are also found in Luano.
Luano District population size as at 2010 stood at 25, 548 (CSO, 2010). With the Population growth rate estimated at 2%, the estimated population in 2018 was 32, 000. The Population density is 2.770 Km²
Luano Town Council has ten (10) Wards, and it is chaired by Reverend Gabriel Mwami. The ten (10) Wards in Luano District and their respective Councilors are:
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Further, three (3) Chiefs are also members of the Council and these are Senior Chief Mboroma, Chief Mboshya and Chief Kanyesha.